The past, the present and the future of Cultural Psychiatry
- Cultural psychiatry in a timeline perspective –
Editorial V. De Luca 1 – 2
- The early history of cultural psychiatry (1820-1980) –
Original Paper W. Jilek 3 – 15
The author describes the origin of cultural psychiatry from the early 1800 to the last quarter of last century. Historical and social considerations are connected with the rising interest towards this subject, and initial clinical experiences and scientific researches are reviewed. The worldwide academic involvement is reported, from the first individual scholars experiences to the establishment of scientific societies.
- The recent history of cultural psychiatry (1971-2012) –
Original Paper W. Tseng†, W. Jilek, G. Bartocci, K. Bhui 16 – 25
The early history of cultural psychiatry has been reviewed in detail by Wolfgang Jilek for the period from 1820 to 1971. This article will focus on the recent period from 1971 up to 2012, encompassing the establishment of scientific societies, the development of scientific journals and organization of knowledge into comprehensive textbooks. Challenges to Western psychiatry and psychotherapy paradigms are described and the interest into religion and spirituality as cultural aspects of life are introduced.
- On the future of cultural psychiatry –
Brief Note G. Bartocci 26
- The future of cultural psychiatry –
Special Article W. Tseng†, G. Bartocci, G. Rovera, V. Infante, V. De Luca 27 – 39
The early and recent history of cultural psychiatry have been reviewed by Jilek (2009, 2014) and Tseng (2001) respectively. Tseng† et al (2014) have presented how the cultural psychiatry has evolved from the scientific explorations (at the era of ethnic psychiatry), clinical applications (at the era of transcultural psychiatry), to formal establishment (at the era of cultural psychiatry), with brief suggestions for the future as discussed in the previous article in this issue. Following this premise, the main focus of this paper is to elaborate in detail the suggestions for the future as viewed by the authors.